The paper discusses three variables in public transport planning - level of subsidy, quality of service and level of fares - and their application in London transport, the aim of management being to find the optimum balance of these three elements. The level of subsidy for public transport is often a political decision and is not necessarily at the optimum level for reasons of public expenditure. The question of quality of service is discussed from two aspects, efficiency and effectiveness. Efficiency is defined as minimizing the rate at which resources are consumed while effectiveness is the ability to carry out tasks within the overall objective. The choice of fare level structure is one where political policies sometimes determine fares either as a source of revenue or as a means of encouraging use of public transport. The author discusses these variables of public transport planning in relation to London transport's corporate aims and the duality of decision-making within the Greater London Council.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Chartered Institute of Transport, England

    80 Portland Place
    London W1N 4DP,   England 
  • Authors:
  • Publication Date: 1978-1

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176919
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Analytic
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 14 1981 12:00AM