COMPLEMENTARY SYSTEMS: INTEGRATING TRANSIT AND PARATRANSIT

Finds that the Knoxville, Tennessee transit deficit was budgeted for $150,000 but was going to be $500,000, the city considered a whole range of alternative transportation programs. One approach was to consider urban transportation in general, rather than just the transit operation. By working with several industries around Knoxville, a fairly sophisticated matching program was developed. Van pool, express bus, car pool, regular transit service, taxis, airport limousines were all drawn into the system. Knoxville also developed the brokerage concept. The concept attempts to determine which transportation sources could be contracted for at a reasonable cost. As a result of this program, a fairly large fleet of church buses, vans, and other private vehicles is integrated into the services that transit can offer in the area one of the area's longest employees, TVA which has the largest ongoing private program, is spending about $125,000 per year to provide transit services to its employees. A new service has also been proposed for the downtown area, i.e., a circulation system which will mesh all the brokered services that are coming into the downtown area. The benefits derived from these programs are discussed. Programs attempted in Sackeon are also outlined and discussed.

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    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration.
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    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Heathington, Kenneth W
  • Publication Date: 1978

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  • Accession Number: 00176524
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM