Two aspects of transit programs are addressed; budgetary aspects, and questions raised by congress regarding the Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA) programs. The ways in which the new budget process affects mass transit funding is discussed. The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 created budget committees, a congressional budget process, and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). The Act makes it more difficult to get contract authority. A CBO report found that the distribution of UMTA was about 30 percent for assistance in purchasing buses and about 70 percent for rail systems. The level of emphasis on rail systems is indicated as an area of research that will determine how the UMTA program is evaluated. The question is asked whether rail systems can contribute to revitalization of the central-city areas. Areas are indicated in which research will help clarify some of the supposed benfits of transit programs.

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    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Wheeler, Porter
  • Publication Date: 1978

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 203-205
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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176519
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM