The three traditional aspects of municipal taxi regulation (entry control, ownership and service standards) are considered, and the empirical evidence available on the actual relationships among these three variables in operation at the local level are reviewed. A comparison of the number of taxis per 1,000 people for 11 American cities (8 that have and 3 that do not have entry restrictions) is tabulated and discussed. Empirical analyses have prompted transportation planners to argue for deregulation of entry into the taxi industry at the local level. Arguments by the organized taxi industry against such deregulation are presented. Police departments and regulatory agencies agree with the industry position on deregulation. Some cities are considering permitting leasing arrangements as a way to: (1) find a middle position between free entry and tight control; (2) meet the demands of the organized taxi industry. These lead to new issues about the significance of vehicle-leasing restrictions in the cities. Many cities are also facing a different but complementary set of institutional issues because of a concern for the transportation disadvantaged.

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    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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  • Authors:
    • Rosenbloom, Sandra
  • Publication Date: 1978

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 97-101
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  • Accession Number: 00176501
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM