One of the primary transportation efforts in Los Angeles is the development of a starter-line rapid transit system for consideration by UMTA for funding from its capital grant program. Along with this long-term project is a focus on short term transportation improvements, including better management of existing transportation facilities. Results of early pilot and demonstration measures introduced in Los Angeles indicate that they do not yet represent sufficiently attractive alternatives to citizens to compete effectively with accustomed travel habits. Experience with proposals for the use of various disincentives revealed patterns of common characteristics. A fundamental characteristic of incentive-disincentive planning is that they carry a disproportionate number of negative impacts. It is much more difficult to anticipate the degree of antagonism that will be generated, for instance, by reserved lanes than it is for the construction of new transportation facilities. The potential for generation of public antagonism by unfamiliar new measures is so great that as much attention must be given to this negative aspect during preimplementation planning as is given to the planning of other more familiar project elements. Negative impacts must not only be identified but also dealt with. Great care, then, must be taken to prepare high-quality information materials and disseminate them carefully. A planning team must ultimately be representative of both the public and private sectors.

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    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Emerson, Norman H
    • Smith, Graham O
    • Stern, Wendy P
  • Publication Date: 1978

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 54-57
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  • Accession Number: 00176490
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM