The object of this paper is to present a personal view that pricing is not really a very important policy variable for transit and to present an approach to data collection for transit that permits monitoring and identifying the effects of policy changes. The recent trend towards heavy subsidies for transit systems has signaled a change in the underlying objective from one of economic efficiency to one of maximizing the number of users of transit, by time of day, within a reasonable level of subsidy. This shift in objective has resulted in a change in the methods of managing transit systems as well as in the nature of transit service operations. A transit demand model is needed as a policy tool to monitor the effects on ridership of policy changes in transit systems. The proposed model provides a framework for data collection that will ensure that the effects of policy changes can be detected. Feasibility studies to date indicate that the proposed model does provide a framework that is adequate to the task of measuring all the variables that affect transit ridership.

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    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Shortreed, John H
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 42-45
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176485
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM