ELASTICITY OF TRANSIT DEMAND WITH RESPECT TO PRICE: A CASE STUDY IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA

The objectives of this research were to observe and report the elasticity of transit demand with respect to price (fare), to identify and quantify the impact of a peak-period transit fare increase on automobile use in general and on car pools in particular, to determine whether a peak-period transit fare increase caused any measurable shift in passenger travel from peak to off-peak times, and to compare the point elasticities observed on the Shirley Highway express buses with those observed on traditional bus service in the same metropolitan area, as well as to determine whether elasticities observed for two qualities of transit service were significantly different. In addition, the observed elasticities of transit demand with respect to price will subsequently be compared with elasticities calculated from mode-choice models calibrated within the same environment. The comparison will serve as one validation procedure for the mode-choice models and, it is hoped, will provide useful insights into the question of model transferability. This report presents those preliminary and partical results that are currently available. The forthcoming final report will address the four objectives in greater detail. /Author/

  • Record URL:
  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Schofer, Ralph E
  • Publication Date: 1978

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 40-41
  • Monograph Title: URBAN TRANSPORTATION ECONOMICS
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176484
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM