This program seeks to reduce severe traffic congestion in urban areas and to improve the environment by encouraging use of the public transportation system. The program promotes pricing strategies that directly improve the performance of the public transport system, i.e., speed, productivity, or reliability, and uses disincentives that discourage the use of low-occupancy modes of travel. Two general categories of demonstrations are being considered for implementation. The first, which consists of pricing measures that will discourage the use of low-occupancy vehicles, involves a supplementary license scheme that is used to charge low-occupancy vehicles for driving in highly congested areas. In the second category, pricing strategies are used as a means to achieve positive rider attitude and support toward the public transportation system, and to increase ridership and productivity. Included are demonstrations to investigate the major transit pricing issues ranging from pricing of various transit services for different user groups and mechanisms for prepayment of fares to the complete elimination of fares. Comments are made on the following demonstrations: fare-free transit, prepaid pass, congestion pricing, and demonstrations of price and service variations. UMTA plans to expand the congestion pricing effort and evaluate other alternatives. The question of parking charges will be reviewed, and an investigation will be made into corridor and spot pricing to deal with specific types of congestion problems.

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    • This paper appeared in Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Arrilaga, Bert
  • Publication Date: 1978

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: pp 13-15
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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176476
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM