The major urban transportation policy issue today is how to achieve efficient, workable urban public transportation. The financial straits of public transportation, the structural weaknesses in the urban transportation market, the lack of understanding of the complex urban transportation market, and the lack of any attempt to interrelate the various aspects of urban transportation are noted. Nonmarket influences which exert strong forces on the behavior and preformance of the urban transportation market include those relating to financial relations between the various levels of government, and local financial planning for transportation services. A study was initiated to examine the long-term forces in the urban transportation market that generate chronic transit deficits and to evaluate alternative courses of action to improve economic efficiency and financial viability at the local level. This study in addition to focusing on financial difficulties and the causes of deficits, also attempted to identify alternative programs to assist cities to reduce their dependence on federal financial assistance, and develop a framework to assist different levels of government to evaluate transportation costs versus revenue. The study will also summarize the state of the art which will contribute to a better understanding of the options available. Two-to three-day workshops were conducted on 5 topics: urban transportation pricing alternatives; the economic regulation of urban public transportation; issues in labor relations; the effectiveness of marketing; and government responsibilities for financing urban transportation.

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    • Introduction to Transportation Research Board Special Report No. 181, Urban Transportation Economics. It contains proceedings of Five Workshops on Pricing Alternatives, Economic Regulations, Labor Issues, Marketing, and Government Financing Responsibilities held by Transportation Research Board. Sponsored by Office of the Secretary, Federal Highway Administration, and Urban Mass Transportation Administration of DOT; Environmental Protection Agency; and Federal Energy Administration. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Halpern, Irwin P
  • Publication Date: 1978

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 1-3
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00176474
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 14 1981 12:00AM