The obstacles to energy conservation in the U.S. are noted, the advantages of energy conservation are pointed out, and the ways in which the transportation sector can make a significant contribution to energy conservation are listed: technical fuel efficiency of vehicles; in-use improvements in routing, scheduling, load factors and operating characteristics; and diversion of demand to more fuel-efficient modes or substitutes. Existing transportation energy conservation programs (automobile fuel economy standards, state energy conservation grants, and energy conservation in regulated industries) are outlined, and proposed programs and goals for the future are discussed. Actions proposed by the President include the following: Excise taxes and rebates on new automobiles; standby gasoline taxes and rebates; light truck standards, taxes, rebates; removal of 10 percent excise tax on intercity buses; increased fuel tax on aviation and motor boats; increase federal auto fleet efficiency; federal employee vanpooling demonstration. Comments are also made on policy-oriented research needs in transportation energy conservation.

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    • This article appeared in Transportation Research Circular No. 187, Transportation Research Needs Related to Social, Economic, and Environmental Issues. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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  • Publication Date: 1977-12

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 22-29
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  • Accession Number: 00173191
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: May 18 1978 12:00AM