FURTHER STUDIES WITH A HYDROGEN ENGINE
This paper describes the performance and emissions of a hydrogen-fueled, spark-ignited engine. An electronic control device, designed to provide the engine with a timed injection of the fuel, is shown to give high mean effective pressures and high efficiencies. The paper describes an experiment with traces of hydrocarbons added to the hydrogen in an attempt to explain any additional phenomena that may be taking place during the combustion, such as "prompt NO" which is known to occur in hydrocarbon flames only. As it turns out, such additions have a negligible effect on the NOX formation in the region investigated. The extended Zeldovich mechanism is believed to adequately characterize nitric oxide formation in engine combustion processes in the case of hydrogen as well as hydrocarbons in the lean region. The region investigated in this work may well prove to be the most important one in the combustion of H2-air mixtures. For stationary power plants or ground transport, lean operation would provide good fuel economy and low nitric oxide emissions, and is therefore likely to be adopted if the safety aspects of hydrogen are resolved.
- This paper was prepared for an SAE Meeting held February 27-March 3, 1978.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- Levi, J
- KITTELSON, D B
- Publication Date: 1978-3
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 10 p.
- TRT Terms: Air pollution; Combustion; Control; Economic efficiency; Energy; Fuel conservation; Fuel injection; Fuels; Hydrocarbons; Hydrogen; Motor fuels; Nitric oxide; Performance; Spark ignition engines; Vehicle power plants
- Uncontrolled Terms: Efficiency
- Old TRIS Terms: Automobile engines
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00177210
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 780233 Preprint
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 19 1978 12:00AM