THE PROPERTIES OF DANGEROUS LIQUIDS TRANSPORTED IN BULK BY SEA
In this paper, the Author discusses the characteristic properties of some commercially produced chemicals, with particular regard to those which are of importance in determining their hazard classification for transport in bulk by sea. The properties which contribute mainly to either the hazard presented by a particular chemical, or the pollution problems resulting from an incident are those which are dependent on temperature and pressure e.g. vapour pressure, viscosity, chemical reactivity, flash point. In the present instance, discussion is confined to their values at sea level in temperate zones (i.e. at a pressure of 1 atmosphere and a temperature of 15-20 degrees C). The theory of explosions occurring both inside and outside ships' tanks is considered in some detail for the case of explosions involving deflagration, i.e. gaseous mixtures with burning velocities between 20 and 100 m/s. It is also noted that under certain temperature and pressure conditions, detonation may occur. The paper concludes with some tabulated data on maritime traffic in chemicals for the Tees & Hartlepool Port Authority in the years 1975 and 1976. Order from: BSRA as No. 48,261.
Gastech Exhibitions Limited,
- Butcher, D W
- Publication Date: 1977
- Pagination: 31 p.
- TRT Terms: Bulk cargo; Chemicals; Explosions; Hazardous chemicals; Hazardous materials; Tankers; Transportation
- Old TRIS Terms: Hazardous chemicals transportation; Hazardous materials transportation; Tanker explosions
- Subject Areas: Materials; Transportation (General);
- Accession Number: 00177062
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: British Ship Research Association
- Report/Paper Numbers: Paper No. 14
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 28 1978 12:00AM