IMPACTS OF WORK SCHEDULE CHANGES ON TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN MEDIUM SIZED URBAN AREAS
A test is made of the hypothesis that changes in work schedules can significantly reduce traffic congestion in medium-sized auto-oriented cities. Using an extreme case--a single high-density employer in a residential area--estimates are made of the change in peak trips resulting from three alternative work-schedule changes; impact on the surrounding street system is then evaluated using traffic assignment techniques. Results show that even a maximum-impact policy (4-day work week) would have only a marginal effect on local traffic, reducing regional travel costs by only 0.4%, and costs in the immediate surrounding area by only 2.2%. Of all traffic benefits accrued, over 90% flow to actual participants, primarily through the reduced number of required work-trips. Because of the institutional problems associated with implementing such policies on a large scale, it is concluded that efforts to reduce highway congestion in auto-oriented medium size cities through alternative work schedules may not be cost/effective. /Author/
- Prepared in part with the financial assistance of DOT.
Albany, NY United States 12232
- Tannir, A A
- Hargen, D T
- Publication Date: 1977-6
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 29 p.
- TRT Terms: Cost effectiveness; Employment; Hours of labor; Implementation; Residential areas; Scheduling; Traffic assignment; Traffic congestion; Travel budgets; Travel costs; Urban areas; Work trips
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Research;
- Accession Number: 00176769
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: Report No. 126
- Files: TRIS, STATEDOT
- Created Date: Jun 14 1978 12:00AM