COMPARISON OF THE VISUAL PERCEPTION OF A RUNWAY MODEL IN PILOTS AND NONPILOTS DURING SIMULATED NIGHT LANDING APPROACHES
At night, reduced visual cues may promote illusions and a dangerous tendency for pilots to fly low during approaches to landing. Relative motion parallax (a difference in rate of apparent movement of objects in the visual field), a cue that can contribute to visual judgments of glide path angle, was studied for its effect on the nighttime approach problem in two experiments. Neither flying experience nor a visual frame of reference enhanced sensitivity to relative motion parallax. However, errors in horizontal adjustments were smaller in pilots, indicating that flying experience enhances other cues in the runway image. Direct judgments of approach angle magnitude indicated overestimation by an approximate factor of 2. These findings give further evidence of large visual illusions in the nighttime situation and indicate that the ineffectiveness of relative motion parallax may be an important part of the night approach problem.
- Record URL:
Washington, DC United States 20591
- Mertens, H W
- Publication Date: 1978-3
- Pagination: 25 p.
- TRT Terms: Adjustment (Psychology); Air pilots; Airport runways; Approach; Glide path systems; Landing; Night; Night vision; Simulation; Visual perception
- Old TRIS Terms: Aircraft landing; Illusions; Night landings; Parallax; Perceptual illusions
- Subject Areas: Aviation; Pavements;
- Accession Number: 00176225
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: FAA-AM-78-15
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Aug 19 1978 12:00AM