Recommendations are set forth for performance standards for near-term and advanced electric and hybrid vehicles. Limited market surveys and interviews with present owners of electric vehicles indicated that the most important criterion for private vehicles is low operating cost. This criterion, combined with the low specific energy density and relatively short life of present storage batteries, was the key factor in the minimum performance specified for near-term private electric vehicles: two or more passengers, 50 km range over the SAE J227a/C driving schedule, with a maximum energy use of about 0.9 MJ/km (0.4 kWh/mi). Near-term commercial vehicles have even lower recommended minimum performance, including 50 km on the (less demanding) SAE J227a/B schedule. Heat-engine battery-electric hybrid vehicles may provide the driving range lacking in electric vehicles and use appreciably less fuel than conventional vehicles. Performance standards recommended for near-term hybrid vehicles call for essentially the same performance as for comparably sized near-term electric vehicles, except for increased range capability. Development specifications recommended for advanced hybrids call for substantially reduced petroleum fuel consumption and the same acceleration capability exhibited by present conventional subcompact cars. Performance standards for a light agricultural utility vehicle are developed. (ERA citation 03:012798)

  • Corporate Authors:

    General Research Corporation

    Operations Analysis Division, Westgate Research Park
    McLean, VA  United States  22101

    Energy Research and Development Administration

    20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Brennand, J
    • Curtis, R
    • Fox, H
    • Hamilton, W
  • Publication Date: 1977-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 192 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00175710
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Contract Numbers: EY-76-C-03-1215
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1978 12:00AM