The Santa Monica Freeway Diamond Lanes, a pair of concurrent-flow preferential lanes for buses and carpools linking the City of Santa Monica, California, with the Los Angeles CBD, operated amid much controversy for 21 weeks until the U.S. District Court halted the project. The project marked the first time preferential lanes had been created by taking busy freeway lanes out of existing service and dedicating them to the exclusive use of high-occupancy vehicles. This report which summarizes the findings of the official evaluation of the project, addresses a broad range of project impacts in the following major areas: Traffic speeds and travel times; traffic volumes and carpool information; bus operations and ridership-safety and enforcement; energy and air quality; and public attitudes and response. Analysis shows that the project succeeded in increasing carpool ridership by 65% and the increased bus service accompanying the Diamond Lanes caused bus ridership to more than triple. Nonetheless, energy savings and air quality improvements were insignificant, freeway accidents increased significantly, noncarpoolers lost far more time than carpoolers gained, and a heated public outcry developed which has delayed the implementation of other preferential treatment projects in S. California.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This report was sponsored by DOT, Transportation Systems Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Volume II, the Technical Report is also available from NTIS: UMTA-MA-06-0049-77-13.
  • Corporate Authors:

    SYSTAN, Incorporated

    343 Second Street, P.O. Box U
    Los Altos, CA  United States  94022
  • Authors:
    • Bilheimer, J W
    • Bullemer, R J
    • Fratessa, C
  • Publication Date: 1977-9

Media Info

  • Pagination: 111 p.
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 1

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00170878
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: UM-727/R-7710
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-A06-0049-77-12Final Rpt.7
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-TSC-1084
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 29 1981 12:00AM