ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION IN THE EVALUATION OF SAFETY STANDARDS--A SURVEY OF METHODOLOGY AND APPLICABILITY

During work on Phase I of the Research Safety Vehicle Program it has become clear that despite a multitude of accident data in the U.S.A. we still do not have a uniform, nationwide valid accident base. An attempt is made to show how, despite this situation, accident data can be prepared for complex benefit/cost analysis of safety measures in ways suitable for the evaluation of safety standards from the automotive engineer's point of view. The individual points shown are how the absolute nationwide numbers of injuries versus accident type, seat position, impact location, single vehicle and vehicle-to-vehicle accidents can be determined; how an accident projection was carried out; how the accident data--apart from injury causation--was evaluated with a view to accident mechanics; how injuries as a function of vehicle velocity in accidents was determined and how the effectiveness of safety measures was estimated. It is clear that the results of the analyses still contain a large degree of uncertainty at the moment and the influence this has on the effectiveness of safety standards must be investigated by means of sensitivity analyses. /Author/

  • Corporate Authors:

    International Congress on Automotive Safety

    3512 Graysby Avenue
    San Pedro, CA  USA  90732
  • Authors:
    • SCHMIDT, R
  • Publication Date: 1975-7-14

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00142011
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 31 1977 12:00AM