Dual-mode transit system concepts are now being developed to provide demand-responsive transportation in metropolitan areas. Since these systems combine the features of demand-responsive service and shared, multiple origin and destination vehicle usage, their ticketing and fare collection functions will be more complex than those of conventional transit systems. Fares are likely to be related to trip distances; fares may also depend on the time of day and characteristics of the traveler. The reservation request and confirmation process associated with demand-responsive systems will result in additional functions. It may also be necessary to verify or control (or do both) the passenger loading of each vehicle. Finally, the possible implementation of a dual-mode transit system in an evolutionary manner, beginning with a single-mode dial-a-bus service, requires that both interim and final goals be considered when the initial ticketing and fare collection concept is designed. This paper explores these new and expanded functions of ticketing and fare collection for dual-mode transit systems. A case is made for integrating the design of reservation, ticketing, and fare collection functions with the overall design of a dual-mode transit system. Careful integration of these functions will produce a high level of passenger service and economies resulting from shared vehicle use and extensive automation.

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    • This paper appears in Dual Mode Transportation, which is a publication containing the proceedings of a conference conducted by the Transportation Research Board, May 29-31, 1974. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board (TRB)

    Washington, DC   
  • Authors:
    • Hamberg, William A
    • Cowan, Robert W
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1976

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  • Accession Number: 00149260
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 30 1981 12:00AM