Exclusive right-of-way transit lines are constructed and planned in a few French cities, but it is believed that general and fast relief in urban transportation should occur by improving bus performance in terms of speed and reliability, especially in medium-sized cities (200 000 to 500 000) people) where conventional Metro lines represent heavy investments. About 20 cities in France could be equipped with more progressive track systems of the dual-mode type. The three strategies of progressive equipment are as follows: Pre-Metro-city center equipped first, Bremen-Goteborg-suburban ring equipped first, and Bus-on-freeway-such as the Shirley Highway operation near Washington, D.C. Plans for public transport systems for medium-sized French cities indicate a tendency to consider the Bremen-Goteborg strategy as a first choice when local policy allows it and the pre-Metro and bus-on-freeway strategies as second choices. Three major issues are town planning constraints for dual-mode systems in France, basic functional specifications desired for the vehicles and the system, and objectives for the research and development program now starting. Although in its infancy, dual-mode technology will likely receive increased national effort between now and 1930. Its advantages will be strengthened by emerging traffic planning in the central city and development of pedestrian zones in many French cities. /Author/

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    • This paper appears in Dual Mode Transportation, which is a publication containing the proceedings of a conference conducted by the Transportation Research Board, May 29-31, 1974. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
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    Transportation Research Board (TRB)

    Washington, DC   
  • Authors:
    • Bieber, A
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  • Publication Date: 1976

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  • Accession Number: 00149241
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 15 1977 12:00AM