The present research is an investigation of how changes in the rate of motion are perceived. Five separate experiments were performed with the use of filmed stimulus material and a variety of response measures, including both categorical judgments and reproduction techniques. It was found that (a) the smaller the ratio of terminal to initial velocity, the less frequent the judgments of acceleration or deceleration, (b) deceleration was significantly easier to perceive than acceleration, (c) the perception of acceleration was facilitated when the velocity of a lead-in segment was the same as the velocity at onset of motion, (d) a short tunnel centered in the motion path facilitated the perception of acceleration and deceleration, and (e) instantaneous changes in velocity were much more easily perceived than gradual changes. A one-event model for the perception of motion change in which there is a continuous interplay between earlier, later, and interpolated motion segments is favored over a two-event model in which earlier and later segments of velocity are compared. /HSRI/

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Pion Limited

    207 Brondesburg Park
    London NW2 5JN,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Schmerler, J
  • Publication Date: 1976

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00148974
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 27 1977 12:00AM