This paper presents relationships between strut loads, earth pressures, temperatures, and the measurements provided by strain gauges. A braced excavation for the construction of new subway tracks up to 20 m deep, 9-20 m wide, and over 650 m long constructed in competent glacially derived sand, silt, and clay soils (including glacial till) provided a significant amount of data for analysis. The excavation was supported by soldier piles and lagging with pipe struts and was covered with decking during construction. A direct correlation between incremental changes in strut load and temperature was observed during the course of the project. The few existing relationships between strut load and temperature were reexamined and were found to produce back-calculated elastic modulus values that were either without comparison or inconsistent with data from field tests and published sources. The relationships derived as a result of this work are supported by limited case-history data from other published sources and are consistent with practical application of elastic deformation concepts and published soil modulus values.


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  • Accession Number: 00800580
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Contract Numbers: GT-2, CMS-9604684, 65V495
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 11 2000 12:00AM