In late 1994, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) conducted the first National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS). Shoulder belt use was observed at a random sample of sites across the country for drivers and right-front passengers of cars and light trucks. In one portion of the study, called the controlled intersection study, license plate numbers were recorded in addition to shoulder belt use. The license plate numbers were matched to vehicle registration files for each state in the study. The registration information provided specific information on the vehicle, including make, model year, and vehicle identification number (VIN). This research note presents belt use rates by specific vehicle characteristics. Highlights are as follows: Drivers of the largest cars had the lowest shoulder belt use among car drivers; Drivers of minivans had the highest shoulder belt use and drivers of pickups the lowest among light truck drivers; Drivers with manual belts and no air bag had the lowest belt use and drivers with automatic belts the highest; and Drivers of newer cars had higher belt use than drivers of older cars.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: 4 p.
  • Serial:
    • Research Note
    • Publisher: National Center for Statistics and Analysis

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00800260
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: NTL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 20 2000 12:00AM