The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) sponsored a study to devise, develop, and test a set of countermeasures to reduce alcohol-related pedestrian crashes in a city. Baltimore, Maryland was selected as the demonstration site. Local city representatives and a Community Traffic Safety Program participated. For the initial analysis, the police provided three years of crash reports and a physician associated with the Baltimore Shock Trauma Unit agreed to obtain data to describe typical pre-crash events of drinkers. The City of Baltimore established a task force. They chose "Walk Smart Baltimore" as the logo and footprint of a cohesive program that embedded the pedestrian alcohol effort into a larger pedestrian safety program. Countermeasures used were in three main categories: education, enforcement, and engineering. There were large reductions in annual crashes from the baseline time period for total crashes, in-zone crashes, crashes on treated roads, and serious (incapacitating and fatal) crashes. The technical report, "Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Countermeasure Program for Alcohol-Involved Pedestrian Crashes," details the approach, data, countermeasure selection, and evaluation. The appendix contains a booklet, "Five Steps to a Community Pedestrian Alcohol Program," that describes the steps to generate community-wide publicity to maintain interest in the program over time, drawing on Baltimore's program.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00798833
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-043 125
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 31 2000 12:00AM