GASOLINE VEHICLE PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS: COMPARISON OF STEADY STATE, FTP, AND US06 MEASUREMENTS

Factors influencing the number and size of tailpipe particles from port injection, spark ignition vehicles are examined by comparing emissions recorded during steady-state operation and obtained from FTP and US06 drive cycles. Size distributions are measured using the scanning mobility particle sizer and the electrical low-pressure impactor. Steady-state particulate emissions are examined as a function of vehicle speed and air to fuel ratio. Emission rates increase moderately with increasing speed but climb steeply with decreasing A/F. This is consistent with observations from transient drive cycle measurements where particulate emissions occur predominantly during periods of heavy acceleration. As expected from the more aggressive speed and acceleration of the US06 cycle, the per mile particulate emission rates are higher than for phases 2 and 3 of the FTP. For the 8 vehicles tested, the US06 mass emissions range from 1.2 to 9.6 mg/mi. Use of a US06-compliant calibration leads to a factor of 2 reduction of particulate emissions, in both number and mass, over the drive cycle.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    American Chemical Society

    1155 16th Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20036
  • Authors:
    • MARICQ, M M
    • PODSIADLIK, D H
    • CHASE, R E
  • Publication Date: 1999-6-15

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00798763
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 20 2000 12:00AM