THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF DISTRACTION IN EVERYDAY DRIVING

To document drivers' exposure to potential distractions and the effects of these distractions on driving performance, inconspicuous video camera units were mounted in the vehicles of 70 volunteer subjects. The camera units automatically recorded a closeup view of the driver's face, a broader view of the interior of the vehicle, and the roadway immediately ahead of the vehicle whenever it was powered on. Three hours of randomly selected data per subject were coded based on a taxonomy of driver distractions (talking on cell phone, eating, tuning radio, etc.), contextual variables (whether vehicle stopped or moving, road type, traffic level, etc.) and observable measures of driver performance (eyes directed inside or outside vehicle, hands on or off steering wheel, and vehicle position in travel lane). Results were analyzed descriptively and using nonparametric bootstrap analysis techniques. The most common distractions in terms of overall event durations were eating and drinking (including preparations to eat or drink), distractions inside the vehicle (reaching or looking for an object, manipulating vehicle controls, etc.), and distractions outside the vehicle (often unidentified). Although many of the distractions were also associated with negative driving performance outcomes, further research is needed to clarify their impact on driving safety.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • These proceedings are also available on CD-ROM.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM)

    P.O. Box 4176
    Barrington, IL  United States  60011-4176
  • Authors:
    • Stutts, J
    • Feaganes, J
    • Rodgman, E
    • Hamlett, C
    • Reinfurt, D
    • Gish, K
    • Mercadante, M
    • Staplin, Loren
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2003

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00964915
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 22 2003 12:00AM