QUANTIFYING EARLY-AGE STRESS DEVELOPMENT AND CRACKING IN LOW WATER-TO-CEMENT CONCRETE: RESTRAINED-RING TEST WITH ACOUSTIC EMISSION

Early-age cracking has been found to occur in some concrete bridge decks, slabs, and pavements when the volumetric changes associated with drying, hydration, and temperature reduction are prevented. While free-shrinkage tests can quantify length change, they may not always be sufficient for detecting materials that are prone to cracking, since the potential for cracking is influenced by complex interactions of strength gain, stiffness development, creep, shrinkage, the degree of restraint, and toughness. The simplicity of the ring test enables it to be used as a comparative test to screen potential mixture designs. From the use of this test, AASHTO developed a provisional standard ring test that establishes specimen geometry; however, the provisional standard does not provide an approach for quantifying stress development or indicating how close a specimen may be to failure. Described is a simple stress solution for quantifying the results of the ring test. Issues related to ring and free-shrinkage specimen geometries are discussed to improve the fundamental understanding of the information provided by the ring test. Also described is how elastic stress and actual stress can be compared to measure the stress relaxation in a material. To better illustrate the microcracking and visible-crack development process, acoustic-emission testing was performed. These experiments indicated that specimens with a higher level of restraint exhibited more microcracking as a part of the stress relaxation process.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 24-32
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00964826
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309085683
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 9 2003 12:00AM