SEAT INFLUENCES ON FEMALE NECK RESPONSES IN REAR CRASHES: A REASON WHY WOMEN HAVE HIGHER WHIPLASH RATES

The paper addresses the possibility that seat properties may be the reason why women have higher whiplash rates. Three seat types were defined on the basis of seat stiffness (k) and frame rotation stiffness (j) for rearward occupant load. Stiff seats have k = 40 kN/m and j = 1.8/kN representing a foreign benchmark loaded by a male; one yielding seat had k = 20 kN/m and j = 1.4/kN simulating a high retention seat (1997 Grand Prix) and another k = 20 kN/m and j = 3.4/kN simulating a 1980s to 1990s yielding seat (1990 Buick Park Avenue). This paper highlights on factor that has been found to influence the difference in whiplash between women and men: early in s crash, a female has a higher neck response than a male because of the relative difference in seat stiffness and torso mass, which influence torso acceleration and displacement.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Taylor & Francis

    4 Park Square, Milton Park
    Abingdon,   United Kingdom  OX14 4RN
  • Authors:
    • Viano, D C
  • Publication Date: 2003

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00963986
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 4 2003 12:00AM