This project was set up to investigate ways in which traffic may be restrained in the historic core zones of urban areas without spoiling their appearance by excess signs and traffic control measures. Pedestrians would have priority at all times throughout such zones. Four schemes were set up in Bury St Edmunds, Halifax, Lincoln and Shrewsbury and before and after studies undertaken by TRL Limited. Each of the schemes is described. Innovations tested in Halifax include low level road signs, retroreflective signs, road narrowing, and brass stud tactile paving. Traffic speeds and flows were reduced by this scheme. In Lincoln there were changes to the one way system to deter through traffic, a gateway treatment to the Roman section of the town with the cathedral, repaving and Victorian-style street furniture in the Conservation Area and a reduction in traffic signs and carriageway marking. The improvements did not affect traffic flow and were an aesthetic improvement. In Bury St Edmunds street narrowing, improved residents parking, loading bays and cycle parking were introduced. Repaving using sympathetic materials including granite setts was carried out. Road signs were remounted in specially designed ironwork. Slight speed reductions were achieved but illegal parking was substantially reduced. In Shrewsbury the High Street was completely redesigned and the Market Square repaved for pedestrian priority. Courtesy crossings were provided for pedestrians. Speeds were reduced by 7mph, the courtesy crossings proved popular, traffic flow was reduced by 30% but the scheme was unpopular with cyclists. While the projects were considered successful each historic core zone had different characteristics and required specific design. Funding remained a difficulty and while good design was to a large extent self-enforcing, other enforcement methods were still required.

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  • Corporate Authors:


    PO BOX 22
    BRISTOL,   United Kingdom  BS16 1RZ
  • Publication Date: 1999


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 42 p.
  • Serial:
    • REPORT 46

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00963752
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 1-898261-47-4
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Oct 3 2003 12:00AM