CONSIDERATION OF DRIVER HOME COUNTY PROHIBITION AND ALCOHOL-RELATED VEHICLE CRASHES

Alcohol related crashes represented 5.9% of all crashes in Kentucky from 1991 to 1997. The primary objective of this paper is to explore alcohol related crashes in both dry and wet counties in the state and to consider the wet or dry residence status of the drivers as well as the distance between the driver's residence and the crash location as estimated using geographic information system (GIS) software. The 1991-1997 Kentucky State Police database was used to find all crashes in which alcohol was coded as a contributing human factor for any of the drivers involved in the crash. Aggregate results of the alcohol related crashes in dry versus wet counties indicate that more alcohol related crashes occur in wet counties but that a greater percentage of the population in the dry counties have been involved in alcohol related crashes. The study results indicate that the type of alcohol ordinance in Kentucky counties does play a role in alcohol related crashes. Although alcohol sale is prohibited by choice, driving under the influence is still a major cause of traffic crashes in dry counties and for dry county residents. By considering crash location and driver residence, the findings show that county-level prohibition is not necessarily effective in improving highway safety; it might be counter productive in that individuals are driving farther under the influence of alcohol, therefore increasing their exposure to crashes.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier

    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • Schulte Cary, S L
    • Aultman-Hall, L
    • McCourt, M
    • Stamadiatis, N
  • Publication Date: 2003

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00962957
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 5 2003 12:00AM