Considerable effort is being expended on research and demonstration projects aimed at introducing hydrogen into the transportation sector as a fuel, generally motivated by concerns about carbon dioxide emissions and petroleum imports (or scarcity). In this paper the authors focus on one aspect of strategy for introducing hydrogen--the choice of transportation mode. The analysis suggests that the cost of introducing hydrogen can be reduced by selecting a mode that uses a small number of relatively large vehicles that are operated by professional crews along a limited number of point-to-point routes or within a small geographic area. In addition, technological innovation in vehicle design will take place most quickly in modes where individual vehicles are produced to order and each receives significant engineering attention (not those manufactured in vast quantities on assembly lines). The immediate environmental benefits of introducing hydrogen fuel will be maximized in modes that have relatively less stringent pollution regulations applied to them. These insights suggest that heavy-duty freight modes would be a less costly way to introduce hydrogen as a transportation fuel and a more effective way to advance hydrogen-related technologies so that they could subsequently be used more widely in light-duty vehicles.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 142-160

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00962790
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309085713
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 4 2003 12:00AM