Based on the flow theory of plasticity, the von Mises or the Tresca yield criterion and the isotropic hardening law, an incremental stiffness relationship can be established for a finite element model of the elasto-plastic structure. However, instead of including all degrees of freedom and all finite elements of the total model in a nonlinear solution process, a separation of elastic and plastic parts of the structure can be carried out. The solution of the nonlinear equations is performed utilizing a combination of load incrementation and equilibrium iterations. In this connection, a comparative numerical study of the Newton-Raphson iteration scheme, the initial stress method and modified Newton-Raphson iteration schemes is presented. The present method is demonstrated for two large examples of elasto-plastic analysis. Firstly, an elasto-plastic analysis of a plate with a central hole and subjected to tensile forces is carried out. The results are compared with experimental values. Secondly, a three-dimensional analysis of a thick plate with a central through-crack subjected to tensile forces is considered. The variation through the plate thickness of the size of the plastic zones at the crack tip is studied. The numerical examples show that the present method is a powerful and efficient tool in elasto-plastic analysis.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Norske Veritas

    Grenseveien 92, Etterstad
    Oslo 6,   Norway 
  • Authors:
    • Aamodt, B
    • Mo, O
  • Publication Date: 0

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 2 p.
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00147512
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 16 1977 12:00AM