THE "SPATIAL CAPACITY" APPROACH FOR A SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT PLANNING. THE CASE OF KALLITHEA, ATHENS

This paper proposes a "spatial capacity" approach as a method for supporting sustainable urban planning. Kallithea, a municipality within the Athens metropolitan area was used as a case study for application of this method. Spatial capacity is thought to better serve the intent of sustainable transport and, accordingly, actual car flows are not taken for granted. Limits in a car's presence are defined, referring to the spatial capacity concept, which expresses the necessity that limited urban road space should be distributed evenly among all users. It also expresses the need that cars do not exceed the aesthetic capacity of the road space and do not affect the other users. Using this concept, the maximum acceptable cars in a certain area are calculated, and the excessive cars are pointed out. Corresponding trips will be diverted to sustainable means of transport. An interoperable transport system must be planned, that combines these modes and thus provides transportation options competitive to private cars. This system comprises main public transport lines in exclusive lanes, local lines, and transit nodes. Excessive car trips are distributed in it and capacity is estimated to absorb them. The necessary capacity of the main public and local transport lines is calculated, as well as the new geometry of roads with wider sidewalks and bicycle lanes.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 133-141
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00960640
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 1853129615
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 23 2003 12:00AM