A barrette is a large cross section rectangular pile. Due to dependence of the flexural stiffness of the rectangular section on its orientation and the nonlinear behavior of barrette materials, loading direction affects the lateral resistance of the barrette. Full-scale lateral load tests were recently conducted on 2 barrettes in Hong Kong, one with a cross section of 2.8 m by 0.86 m and a length of 51 m, and the other with a cross section of 2.7 m by 1.2 m and a length of approximately 30 m. This paper aims to investigate the response of laterally loaded large-section barrettes based on the load tests, to simulate the response of the two test barrettes, and to study the influence of loading direction on the lateral response of barrettes. Nonlinear p--y curves for soils and nonlinear stress--strain relations for barrette concrete and reinforcement are used to simulate the lateral response of the test barrettes considering 5 loading directions. The simulations were able to capture the apparently different behaviors before and after cracking of the barrette section. Sudden increases of displacement and rotation under a small lateral load increment and reduced depths of load transfer in the ground are predicted when the barrette section cracked. Based on this study, the direction of the resultant horizontal displacement is different from the loading direction if the barrette is not loaded along the major or minor axis of the cross section.


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  • Accession Number: 00960582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 12 2003 12:00AM