Earthworks, aggregate production and pavement construction are discussed from the point of view of making economic use of labor- intensive methods. In the specific case of earthworks for a road along a hillside, it was noted that: the excavation had to be carried out in a series of benches with separation of the excavating and loading/haulage activites; tools needed to be regularly sharpened and maintained; haulage of excavated material had to use an efficient wheelbarrow; gangs must be balanced to ensure a fair share of work to each worker; a task incentive had to be adopted. Similar consideration is given to earthworks for a road on a low embankment. Various ways of obtaining aggregate are considered and the effect of good planning of a 15 km hillside is quantatively assessed. In the design of a low-cost road using labor-intensive methods, it is pointed out that the earthworks must be kept to a minimum and haulage on up gradients should be avoided. Also, pavement design should be specified in terms of materials which can be efficiently produced using manual methods.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Proceedings of the Seminar on Highway Design in Developing Countries held during the PTRC Summer Annual Meeting, 10-11 July 1975 at the Universty of Warwick, England.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Planning and Transport Res and Computation Co Ltd

    167 Oxford Street
    London W1R 1AH,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Green, P A
    • Insley, HTM
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1975-7

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 11-24
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: 5

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00144036
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: P 129 Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 22 1976 12:00AM