Just-in-time (JIT) production, meaning a system for organizing labor processes, is now common around the world. it has its origin in the Japanese automobile industry and in Toyota Motor Corporation in particular (Womack et al. 1990). This paper addresses the mechanisms in JIT-manufacturing related to logistics and location of subcontractors of OEM-parts that provide JIT-supply. The aim is to contribute with casual explanations of these relationships, which are methodologically inspired by Sayer. The relationship between subcontractors and principal firms is necessary. One cannot exist without the other. They comprise a system of production orders, procedures for logistics, production contracts, quality systems, power relationships, etc. In such a system it is important to identify mechanisms that have the capability to produce spatial impacts that might occur under different societal conditions. The subcontractors and principal firm in the system illustrate a case of quasi integrations where the principal firm is often the dominating agent. This paper builds on a previous study of Scandinavian and Japanese automotive industries focusing on JIT-production and the impact on transport and location. The applied case data include Volvo Car and Saab Automobile in Sweden and Nissan and Toyota (TMC) car factories in Japan and subcontractors of theses. Data are also gathered from Mitsubishi's headquarters in Tokyo and from carrier companies. Primary data regarding Nissan and Toyota were gathered in 1995, while data from Volvo and Saab were obtained in 1994-95.

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    Ashgate Publishing Company

    110 Cherry Street, Suite 3-1
    Burlington, VT  United States  05401-3818
  • Authors:
    • Kalssaas, B J
  • Publication Date: 1999


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00794219
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 1840145064
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 27 2000 12:00AM