A NEW DISEASE-BURDEN METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE IMPACT OF OUTDOOR AIR QUALITY ON HUMAN HEALTH

Urban air quality (UAR) is a serious concern, with an estimated 40 million Europeans exposed to levels above accepted World Health Organization air quality guidelines; further declines in UAR are expected as motor vehicle traffic increases. Air quality management strategies, supported by legislation, are attempting to deal with this problem. To support such strategies, assessment of costs and benefits of remedial measures is required, including the impact of UAR on human health. This paper describes a disease burden estimation approach, developed to assess 'health gain' from recreational water quality improvement, and its application to UAR and incidence of respiratory disease. Estimations of mortality advanced by fine particulate matter are presented for 5 U.K. cities. Implications of the method for disease burden and air quality standards are discussed. The utility of integrating the disease burden assessment model with linked dynamic models of land use, vehicle movement, and pollutant dispersion, to identify remedial strategic planning initiatives, is highlighted.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier

    Radarweg 29
    Amsterdam,   Netherlands  1043 NX
  • Authors:
    • Mitchell, G
    • Namdeo, A
    • Kay, D
  • Publication Date: 2000-2-10

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00798707
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 11 2000 12:00AM