Transport plans for Australia's major cities all claim to produce sustainable outcomes when reliable data show a robust trend of increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Since the mid 1970s there have been steadily increasing levels of unsustainable motorisation, the collective decline of all the more sustainable forms of transport for the trip to work and for all trips generally. The most dominant trend is the rapidly increasing proportion of Australian women who work and are choosing to drive because they have the perception that the more sustainable modes are not a safe way to travel. Data from the Netherlands are presented showing that since 1989 motor vehicle dependence was constrained and public transport increased to a targeted level by the implementation of the Netherlands National Environment and Policy Plans (NEPP 1,2 and 3). The Dutch experience shows what can be done given the relevant funding, tax and policy changes by all levels of government. Unless ecologically sustainable development (ESD) becomes the preferred form of nation building and embodied in an Australian equivalent to NEPP then unsustainable levels of motorisation will continue to increase. Tax and policy measures are recommended that are needed in addition to the National Greenhouse Strategy and the National Bicycle Strategy to reverse unsustainable transport trends. (a) For the covering entry of this conference, please see ITRD E200461.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 1019-36

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00796392
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 0-7307-2496-4
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 2 2000 12:00AM