An investigation of concrete exposed to sulfate soils is used to illustrate a methodology for the systematic study of the condition of concrete in service. Condition surveys of the site and tests of engineering properties of the concrete were supplemented by examination of concrete cores using the stereomicroscope, the optical microscope, the electron microscope, analysis by wet chemistry, thermal analysis, and X-ray diffraction. Step-by-step progression from large scale (tens of meters) to submicroscopic scales (tens of nanometers) gave continuity to detailed test methods. It also allowed for the selection of specimens appropriately representing the concrete as a whole and ensured reliable interpretation of the results. In many cases, more than one test method provided the same or similar information. The writers believe the methodology employed will be of value to other investigators.


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  • Accession Number: 00795799
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Contract Numbers: WPI-0510652
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 31 2000 12:00AM