ROAD ACCIDENTS AND CHILDREN LIVING IN DISADVANTAGED AREAS: A LITERATURE REVIEW

This report reviews literature on road accidents in disadvantaged areas, including Scotland, with special reference to children's accidents. It first presents some accident statistics, including fatality rates, mainly from Scotland. Its main chapters cover: (1) factors associated with road accidents and disadvantaged areas; (2) children's perceptions of accident risks and safety training measures; (3) risk factors of journeys by schoolchildren; and (4) summary findings and recommended areas of further research. The report ends with a list of relevant literature references. Available evidence is found to suggest that children from disadvantaged areas face higher levels of accident risk through a combination of factors; household factors seem to be more important than area factors. Children in the lowest socio-economic group are over four times as likely as those in the highest group to be killed in pedestrian accidents; socio-economic mortality differentials have increased during recent years. Children from disadvantaged families are not only more likely to be injured, but also tend to have injuries of greater severity. Injury risk is over 50% more for children of single parents. Five research areas are identified, including different levels of risk exposure in different road user groups.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    STATIONERY OFFICE

    PUBLICATIONS CENTRE, PO BOX 276
    LONDON,   United Kingdom  SW8 5DT
  • Authors:
    • White, D
    • Raeside, R
    • Barker, D
  • Publication Date: 2000

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 36 p.
  • Serial:
    • CM 4604
    • Publisher: STATIONERY OFFICE
    • ISSN: 0950-2254

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00795196
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-7480-9668-X
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jul 7 2000 12:00AM