NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF EMBANKMENTS FOUNDED ON LIQUEFIABLE SOILS

The purpose of this study is to verify the ability of a numerical method to predict earthquake-induced deformation of soil embankments. The method is dynamic response FE analysis that incorporates a cyclic elasto-plastic constitutive model for sand, a cyclic elasto-viscoplastic model for clay, and Biot's two phase mixture theory. This method was applied to two sets of case records: (1) a series of dynamic centrifuge model tests of soil embankments resting on liquefiable sandy soils, and (2) a set of river embankments that were damaged and undamaged during the 1993 Hokkaido Nansei-oki earthquake. For the model tests, comparisons between measured and computed model responses were made. The results demonstrated that pore pressures within the foundation soil and vertical settlement of the embankment were qualitatively predicted. In addition, the mechanism of embankment settlement, even though the embankment foundation did not attain zero effective stress state, was explained. In the case of river embankments, the model parameters were estimated from the field and laboratory test data of foundation soils. A difference in the magnitudes of damage at two embankment sections was reproduced well, although it may not be quantitatively satisfactory. The results showed that the foundation sandy soils would have been liquefied. The analyses also indicated that a cohesive soil layer in-between sand layers that existed only at a non-damaged site prevented the liquefied soil beneath the embankment from spreading out laterally, and thus minimized the settlement of overlying soil. (A)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    JAPANESE GEOTECHNICAL SOCIETY

    SUGAYAMA BUILDING 4F, CHIYODA-KU
    TOKYO,   Japan  101
  • Authors:
    • MATSUO, O
    • SHIMAZU, T
    • Uzuoka, R
    • MIHARA, M
    • Nishi, K
  • Publication Date: 2000-4

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 21-39
  • Serial:
    • SOILS AND FOUNDATIONS
    • Volume: 40
    • Issue Number: 2
    • Publisher: JAPANESE GEOTECHNICAL SOCIETY
    • ISSN: 0038-0806

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00795103
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jul 7 2000 12:00AM