Ongoing growth in travel has led to concerns over environmental sustainability, and hence the need to attempt to reduce overall travel, particularly by auto. This paper considers the types of travel reduction (TR) strategies available, in terms of the implicit mechanisms of switching or substitution by which travel would be modified or reduced, and evaluates their potential impacts by means of 4 case studies in European cities. It is found that various TR strategies have had qualified success; car TR was achieved, primarily through switching to other modes and also by reducing travel distance. However, the scale of TR is relatively small and may be offset by new traffic generation. Additionally, in some cases the objectives of the measures, although potentially having a TR contribution, are not always aimed directly at TR as such and may not be able to provide the intended results. The paper concludes that advancing TR efforts appears to lie in setting clear policy objectives and in assembling TR measures into strategy packages, ensuring that when combined the measures are complementary toward policy objectives.

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    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • Marshall, S
    • Banister, D
  • Publication Date: 2000-6


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00794493
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 10 2000 12:00AM