LOCAL STRAIN BEHAVIOR PRIOR TO FATIGUE CRACK NUCLEATION

The local strain behavior of cold-rolled HSLA (niobium) steel was investigated in the vicinity of a circular hole for first loading, first unloading, and in the unloaded state after 50 000 and 82 000 cycles by determining the function of distance from an 0.02-in. (508-micro m) circular notch by direct comparison of optical micrographs at approximately x1000. The technique allows changes in length to be determined to plus or minus 0.15 micro m which, over a 100-micro m gage length, corresponds to an engineering strain resolution of plus or minus 0.15%. The resolution is sufficiently high to allow local strain distribtutions, as calculated from elasticity and plasticity theory, to be compared with the experimental data. A pseudo-plastic solution was developed from the plane stress solution by considering A. E. Green's three-dimensional solution and Neuber's relation between stress and strain concentrations. The monotonic deformation law obeyed by cold-rolled niobium steel was experimentally determined and combined with the pseudo- plasticity result to obtain a quantitative prediction of the local strain behavior on first loading. Experimentally obtained strain behaviors for first loading provide good agreement with the pseudo-plasticity result for each of the strain levels investigated. The strain distribution measured after the first unloading demonstrated that a compressive residual stress is generated during the first cycle. The strain distribution developed by repeated tension loading is also presented and discussed.

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society for Testing and Materials

    100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700
    West Conshohocken, PA  USA  19428-2957
  • Authors:
    • Quesnel, D J
    • Meshii, M
  • Publication Date: 1976-9

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00142196
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 15 1976 12:00AM