Praxitele is a transportation system based on a fleet of electric cars available in self-service mode in a limited area. These cars are equipped with electronic means for control and fleet management. Issued from the cooperation between industrial companies and public research institutes since 1993, Praxitele in an intelligent solution, using state of art technology, to the development of sustainable transportation in cities. This new service is focused on trips and time where the demand is low and where public transport does not offer a good quality of service. Its utilisation is restricted to local areas from several hundred metres to several kilometres in length. Its operation started in the high-tech city of Saint Quentin-en-Yvetines, near Paris at the end of 1997 with 50 electric vehicles from Renault. Praxitele is aimed at regular, recurrent users. The service is opened to all registered people who are spontaneous customers, and the service is not free even if the applied fares are preferential still today. After a six months period of operational adjustment, the service is now proposed for self service; uses today with 40 cars, 24h124, and 7 days a week. This paper is the first report on the uses and mobility patterns associated to self service configuration of the system, which is due at least until June 1999. The preliminary conclusions show a very high level of satisfaction (from the users standpoint). The implementation of self service which is characterised by an extension of the number of stations (5 to 12) and a temporary widening of the service (9 hours to 24, 7 days/7) led to a doubling of trips in two months. The electric cars attracted users of the system, and the comfort of car control. The majority of trips testify to a complementarily with mass transit system and uses due to the low quality of local bus network (in off peak period). Praxitele may be the missing link between public mass transportation, very efficient but not very flexible, and the private automobile which offers total freedom at high cost for the user, and furthermore for society. Praxitele's experimentation aims at showing the social and economic interest of a new system for city transport. For the covering abstract see ITRD E105101.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 91-9

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00793735
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-324-0
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 15 2000 12:00AM