Easy, convenient interchange between vehicles and modes is one of the defining elements of an integrated public transport system. The need to change en-route is a powerful disincentive to public transport use, compared with the convenience of direct door to door car journeys. The passengers' "interchange experience" is a vital, yet often neglected, area of public transport planning and management. This paper is based on a study by Cohn Buchanan and Partners for the DETR into the extent and significance of interchange within the UK's passenger transport systems. This study comprised the following elements: (1) Identifying the principal types of interchange facilities now in operation, their numbers and locations; (2) Estimating current usage levels of these interchanges; (3) Identifying the main barriers to convenient interchange; (4) Estimating the costs which interchange imposes on journey times and on the competitiveness of public transport with the car; (5) Reviewing the quality of interchange facilities; the best and worst practice throughout the country; and (6) Outlining how better interchange could contribute to an integrated transport system. This paper discusses how the importance of interchange varies dramatically with journey distance, mode choice and location, and how the quality and usage of interchange facilities varies between areas. The journey categories where public transport interchange attributes have a critical impact on modal choice and behaviour are identified. Key improvements to maximise the contribution of interchange facilities to an integrated transport policy are outlined. For the covering abstract see ITRD E105101.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 23-49

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00793731
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-324-0
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 15 2000 12:00AM