FFV-VEHICLES: DEVELOPMENT AND MODIFICATION OF DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND DEMONSTRATION OF E85 VEHICLES

FFV BILAR: UTVECKLING OCH ANPASSNING AV DISTRIBUTIONSSYSTEM SAMT DEMONSTRATION AV E85 FORDON

A skeleton infrastructure for E85 (ethanol) tanking stations in Sweden has been successfully created. At the end of 1997 there were about 30 petrol stations where E85 was available. One result is that the number of flexible fuel vehicles has increased from 50 to 300, all over Sweden. Modification of equipment for E85 at the petrol stations varied depending on age and tank capacity. Experiences show that there are fewer problems than had been anticipated. If one or two E85 pumps per station are introduced gradually and phased in with upgrading and investment plans, the cost of such a programme would be relatively low. In many cases it has been possible to use existing systems, and in new construction projects the equipment for petrol and ethanol is the same. Emission measurements were made in accordance with a programme. Generally speaking, emission levels subject to regulations are low, and levels slightly dropped from measurement series No 1 to No 2. An observation that can be made is that emission levels according to FTP75 (USA) are lower than those according to EU2000. This is due to start and warming-up emissions being much higher in EU2000 test. Engine load in the EU test is considerably lower.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    KOMMUNIKATIONSFORSKNINGSBEREDNINGEN

    BOX 5706
    STOCKHOLM,   Sweden  S-114 97
  • Authors:
    • RYDEN, C
    • EGEBAECK, K-E
  • Publication Date: 1997

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Pagination: 45p+a p.
  • Serial:
    • KFB RAPPORT
    • Issue Number: 1997:41
    • Publisher: KOMMUNIKATIONSFORSKNINGSBEREDNINGEN
    • ISSN: 1104-2621

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00793567
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • ISBN: 91-88868-64-8
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 15 2000 12:00AM