EFFECTS OF DEREGULATING LONG DISTANCE BUS TRAFFIC

EFFEKTER AV AVREGLERING AV LAANGVAEGA BUSSTRAFIK: REDOVISNING AV REGERINGSUPPDRAG

The object of the study is to find possible consequences of complete deregulation, with or without internalisation, i.e. the introduction or increase of charges as the control instrument. It is estimated that deregulation with internalisation would locally increase the use of public transport by 1 per cent and negligibly reduce car use. Use of long distance buses would increase by 52 per cent and rail travel decrease by 15 per cent. Greatest effects of deregulation with or without internalisation are: (1) A large increase in long distance bus travel; (2) Some effect on rail travel; (3) Reduction in car use; and (4) Small total effects on short journeys. Deregulation means that the number of travel options greatly increases. This may make it difficult for travellers to have a clear overview. It is considered that Swedish Rail (SJ) results would be improved by closing down macroeconomically unprofitable services, and that deregulation has little effect on two decisive factors for competitive development of SJ, track network and rolling stock. Overall, deregulation of long distance buses would result in: (1) Improvement in macroeconomic results, with or without internalisation; (2) Deterioration in State finances; (3) Some decrease in car travel; (4) 50 per cent increase in long distance bus travel; (5) 1 per cent drop in rail travel; (6) Large increase in revenue of long distance bus companies; (7) Reduction in emissions and accidents; (8) Small effects on employment; and (9) Small effects on competitiveness of SJ.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    STATENS INSTITUT FOER KOMMUNIKATIONSANALYS

    BOX 3118
    STOCKHOLM,   Sweden  SE-103 62
  • Publication Date: 1997

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00793536
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 15 2000 12:00AM