Based on crash statistics and birth rates in the United States, it is estimated that about 130,000 pregnant women in the second half of pregnancy are involved in motor-vehicle crashes resulting in vehicle damage each year. Approximately 30,000 of these pregnant occupants sustain injuries, and about 160 are killed. Firm statistics on fetal loss resulting from automotive trauma are not available. The purpose of this crash-investigation study was to conduct in-depth investigations of real-world crashes involving pregnant occupants. The study establishes a foundation for a database with accurate and quantitative crash information, along with detailed information on maternal and fetal injuries and outcome. The results help identify safety issues and mechanisms of fetal injury and loss, and provide case data for validating the injury criteria proposed for the second-generation pregnant crash dummy.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

    2901 Baxter Road
    Ann Arbor, MI  United States  48109-2150
  • Authors:
    • Schneider, L W
    • Klinich, K D
    • Rupp, J
    • MOORE, J
    • Eby, B
    • Ashton-Miller, J A
    • Moss, S
    • Zhou, J
    • Pearlman, M D
  • Publication Date: 2000-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 1-11
  • Serial:
    • UMTRI Research Review
    • Volume: 31
    • Issue Number: 1
    • Publisher: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
    • ISSN: 0739-7100

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00793323
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 31 2000 12:00AM