This analytical study evaluated the performance of 40 first-generation low-beam headlamps that were either visually/optically aimable (VOA) or that met the GTB harmonized beam pattern, by comparing these low beams to conventional U.S., European, and Japanese low beams. The following aspects of headlamp performance were considered: visibility of pedestrians, visibility of pavement delineation, visibility of retroreflective traffic signs, visibility of vehicle rear reflex reflectors, visibility of targets near the road expansion point, glare directed towards oncoming drivers, glare directed towards rearview mirrors of preceding drivers, glare reflected from wet pavement towards oncoming drivers, and foreground illumination. For each performance aspect, typical geometric situations (points in space) were specified in terms of longitudinal, lateral, and vertical positions, and the corresponding visual angles from each of the two headlamps were calculated. The effects of the novel low beams were quantified by calculating the percent changes in luminous intensity directed from both lamps towards the points in space representing the performance aspects. The results are presented separately for the VOA lamps that are aimable on the left side (VOL lamps) and the right side (VOR lamps), as well as for the harmonized lamps. The present results could be used by lamp designers to maximize the advantages of the future versions of these novel low beams, while minimizing their disadvantages.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This research was sponsored by the University of Michigan Industry Affiliation Program for Human Factors in Transportation Safety.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

    2901 Baxter Road
    Ann Arbor, MI  United States  48109-2150
  • Authors:
    • Sivak, M
    • Flannagan, M J
    • Miyokawa, T
  • Publication Date: 2000-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 22 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00796981
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTRI-2000-1,, HS-042 985
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 21 2000 12:00AM