This report represents the second phase of a project researching the texture and noise characteristics of portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements. The team of Marquette University and the HNTB Corporation measured noise, texture and friction of 57 test sites in Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota and Wisconsin. During 1997, new test sections were constructed in Wisconsin, including random transverse, skewed and longitudinally tined PCC pavements. Interior and exterior noise was measured on all 57 sites using the Fast Fourier Transform method with a Larson-Davis two channel real time acoustical analyzer. Subjective testing of interior noise was measured on 21 selected sections with 24 subjects with good hearing in a closed acoustical environment. Texture on all test sites was measured with the Road Surface Analyzer (ROSAN). Sand patch tests, a measure of surface texture, were also performed on most of the 22 test sections in Wisconsin. Highway noise cannot be characterized by one single type of noise measurement. For this reason, conclusions were drawn using the data acquired from all of the different measurements. These include: exterior, interior, subjective, and prominent frequency noise analysis as well as texture characteristics. Some pavement textures exhibit a definite distinctive noise that is often described as a "whine", and exhibited as a prominent tone or discrete frequency also described as a "spike". Generally, the longitudinal tined PCC and the asphaltic concrete (AC) pavements exhibited the lowest exterior noise levels. The AC pavements and the longitudinally tined and random skewed PCC pavements and the European texture exhibit the lowest interior noise levels. ROSAN texture measurements were relied upon and proved invaluable in analyzing the reason why different textures exhibited different noise characteristics. The ROSAN mean profile depth (MPD) and estimated texture depth (ETD) correlated very closely with sand patch. There was good correlation between tining depth and width, using the ROSAN data, and some of the loudest transverse tined pavements had both greater depth and widths, but it could not be determined which was responsible for the greater noise. Spectral analysis of the ROSAN outputs was utilized to recommend the proper random pattern for transverse tining. The patterns were tested in 1999 and both subjective and objective analyses confirmed the lack of discrete frequencies. Recommendations include improving the quality control over tine spacing depth and width, future research on wet pavement accidents and longitudinal tining and the relative effects of tining depth and width on tire pavement noise, and specific recommendation on when to use longitudinal, random skewed and random transverse tining. Long term monitoring of noise differences of these 57 test sections is recommended in order to determine if surface texture differences can be reflected in Federal Highway Administration noise models.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Marquette University

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 1515 West Wisconsin Avenue
    Milwaukee, WI  United States  53233

    HNTB Corporation

    11414 West Park Place, Suite 300
    Milwaukee, WI  United States  53224-3526

    Wisconsin Department of Transportation

    Bureau of Highway Construction, 3502 Kinsman Boulevard
    Madison, WI  United States  53704

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Kuemmel, D A
    • Sontag, R C
    • Crovetti, J A
    • Becker, Y
    • Jaeckel, J R
    • Satanovsky, A
  • Publication Date: 2000-5


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 125 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00796935
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: WI/SPR-08-99,, CHTE2000-2,, Final Report
  • Contract Numbers: SPR 0092-45-91
  • Created Date: Aug 9 2000 12:00AM