This study briefly outlines the essence of the activity setting approach and illustrates one aspect of its usefulness by exploring the impact of social contact on travel behavior. Time-use data from Canada, Norway, and Sweden are used. The activity system approach views behavior in context. Activity settings are generic components of the activity system and studying them using time-use diaries can provide major insight into travel behavior. By focusing on social context, this paper characterizes the social environment in terms of social circle and space. The analysis shows that there are clear differences in levels of social interaction across various groups, including those who work at home. 1992 Canadian data show that people working at the workplace spend relatively more time with others, roughly 50% of total time awake; working at home reduced the time spent with others to about 16%. There is a tendency for persons with low social interaction to travel more. It is argued that individuals need or want social contact if it does not take place at the workplace and will seek it elsewhere, generating travel. This suggests that working in isolation at home will not necessarily diminish travel but may simply change its purpose.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Special Issue: Travel Behavior Research
  • Corporate Authors:

    Kluwer Academic Publishers

    P.O. Box 17
    Dordrecht,   Netherlands 
  • Authors:
    • Harvey, Andrew S
    • TAYLOR, M E
  • Publication Date: 2000-2


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 53-73
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00792548
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 6 2000 12:00AM